In the final chapter of required reading from your text, the authors provide a multitude of different
theoretical explanations for juvenile delinquency. These theoretical explanations not only attempt to
identify why this behavior exists, but it also tends to be prescriptive for public policy responses on
how to handle juvenile offenders.
Choose one (or more if you prefer) theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency that makes the
most sense to you, and explain the elements of theory as it attempts to explain delinquency. What are
the policy implications of this theory for juvenile delinquency? What are some of the
suggestions/prescriptions for how to handle juveniles who deviate into crime according to this
Social Control Theory
The theory of social control is often utilized to explain the many factors that influence social bonds and juvenile delinquency behaviour. Theory of social control is appropriate to explain the delinquency phenomenon since it is among the primary concepts explaining young people and delinquents with antisocial behaviors (Thompson in 2016). Based on the control theory, young people who do not have connections to the social world and who have positive interactions with their parents and friends tend to be more inclined to engage in the criminal act. Social control theory’s descriptions of delinquency focus on interactions between people as well as external experiences that could lead to delinquent actions rather than social structures (Gentle-Genitty 2019,). Based on the theories, everyone are able and likely to commit delinquent or criminal crimes, however most do not choose to perform this due to the fear of society and its influences.
As per Costello & Laub (2020) Four elements of social bonds unite people. They include commitment, attachment as well as involvement and faith. These four elements appear to be most effective in analyzing the patterns of youth who are who are involved in criminal activity.
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