Prepare an oral presentation of the research designed and developed through the workshops to discuss in class, compiling in a single written article, your justification of the proposal,


Prepare an oral presentation of the research designed and developed through the workshops to discuss in class, compiling in a single written article, your justification of the proposal, type of research, problem statement / theoretical framework, data collection and conclusions). 3-4 pages 


Theoretical Framework

Nadia Castro/Niurka Acuna B.

Ana G. Mendez University: South Florida Campus.

SWGR 510: Research Design

Professor: Jesus A. Sanchez

April, 17th, 2023


The global COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted millions of individuals, resulting in substantial modifications to daily routines and the transformation of interpersonal interactions. The elderly demographic has been recognized as a highly susceptible cohort to COVID-19 due to aging-associated health complications. The Pine Nursing Home, located in North Miami, Florida, accommodates a substantial elderly demographic, thereby rendering the psycho-social ramifications of COVID-19 on this cohort a matter of considerable apprehension. This theoretical framework examines the possible psycho-social consequences of COVID-19 on the elderly residents of Pine Nursing Home.

Theoretical Framework

The present study’s theoretical framework is based on various theories, namely the stress and coping theory, the social support theory, and the ecological systems theory. The theories mentioned above serve as a basis for comprehending the potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psycho-social welfare of the elderly residents at Pine Nursing Home.

The theory of stress and coping posits that the presence of stressors, such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, can significantly impact an individual’s psycho-social well-being. Various emotional and behavioral responses, including anxiety, depression, and withdrawal, can be elicited by stressful events (Meraz et al., 2023). Implementing coping mechanisms, such as social support and problem-solving, can aid individuals in effectively managing the stressors they encounter. Within the Pine Nursing Home setting, the presence of COVID-19 has the potential to elicit stress and adversely affect the psycho-social well-being of the elderly demographic.

According to social support theory, social connections and relationships can enhance an individual’s psycho-social well-being. Social support within the Pine Nursing Home is facilitated by various sources, including the nursing staff, family members of residents, and fellow residents themselves (Cohen & McKay, 2020). Providing social support can give individuals a perception of affiliation, emotional sustenance, and pragmatic aid to effectively manage stressors. The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated individuals to maintain physical distance, making obtaining social support more arduous.

The Ecological Systems Theory postulates that human beings are situated within various systems that impact their conduct and growth. The present theory considers the potential influence of physical surroundings, social structures, and cultural norms on individuals’ psychological and social well-being (Jang, 2020). The COVID-19 pandemic can be perceived and coped with differently by individuals in the Pine Nursing Home, depending on the influence of the physical environment, social systems, and cultural values. The perceptions and coping strategies of residents can be influenced by the attitudes and behaviors of staff towards the pandemic.

Gerontological perspective: The impact of COVID-19 on the elderly population residing in Pine Nursing Home can be analyzed from a gerontological perspective, specifically by examining the psycho-social effects through the framework of ageism and discrimination. Ageism is a phenomenon characterized by the presence of unfavorable preconceptions and discriminatory practices directed toward individuals who are advanced in age (Swinford et al., 2020). Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, elderly individuals have encountered stigmatization due to their perceived heightened susceptibility to the virus, resulting in discriminatory practices impeding their access to healthcare and other fundamental services. The presence of ageism and discriminatory practices may result in adverse psychological outcomes, social exclusion, and reduced quality of life for the elderly residents of Pine Nursing Home.

Healthcare Management Perspective: The impact of COVID-19 on the psycho-social well-being of the elderly population residing in Pine Nursing Home can be analyzed from the standpoint of healthcare policies and practices, as viewed through the lens of healthcare management. The outbreak of the pandemic has resulted in notable modifications in healthcare policies and practices, specifically in the context of long-term care facilities (Yao et al., n.d). The modifications mentioned above have resulted in limitations on visitation, heightened reliance on technological means for communication, and alterations in healthcare delivery paradigms. Comprehending the effects of these modifications on the psycho-social welfare of the elderly populace at Pine Nursing Home is imperative.

Social Psychology Analysis: The impact of COVID-19 on the elderly population residing in Pine Nursing Home can be analyzed from a social psychology perspective, specifically by examining the psycho-social effects of social isolation and loneliness. The correlation between social isolation and loneliness and the susceptibility of older adults to mental and physical health issues has been established as a significant risk factor (Matud et al., 20219). The COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in a prevalent state of social isolation, particularly among the elderly population, who are more susceptible to experiencing severe illness and mortality due to the virus. Hence, comprehending the ramifications of social isolation and loneliness on the mental and physical well-being of the elderly residents at Pine Nursing Home is of utmost significance.

In conclusion, the global outbreak of COVID-19 has resulted in notable psycho-social consequences for individuals across the globe, including the elderly residents of Pine Nursing Home. The aforementioned theoretical framework establishes a basis for investigating the possible psycho-social consequences of COVID-19 on the demographic mentioned above. Through applying stress and coping theory, social support theory, and ecological systems theory, scholars can discern plausible determinants that influence the psycho-social welfare of elderly residents at Pine Nursing Home. The multifaceted psycho-social implications of COVID-19 on the elderly residents of Pine Nursing Home can also be comprehended through various lenses, such as social psychology, gerontology, and healthcare administration. Through a thorough analysis of these viewpoints, a comprehensive comprehension of the psycho-social implications of COVID-19 on the elderly demographic can be attained, thereby enabling the formulation of tailored interventions to cater to their distinct requirements.


Cohen, S., & McKay, G. (2020). Social support, stress and the buffering hypothesis: A theoretical analysis. In  Handbook of Psychology and Health (Volume IV) (pp. 253-267). Routledge.

Jang, H. Y. (2020). Factors associated with successful aging among community-dwelling older adults based on the ecological system model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health17(9), 3220.

Matud, M. P., & García, M. C. (2019). Psychological distress and social functioning in elderly Spanish people: A gender analysis.  International Journal of environmental research and public health16(3), 341.

Meraz, R., Osteen, K., McGee, J. S., Noblitt, P., & Viejo, H. (2023). Applying stress and coping theory to understand diuretic adherence experiences in heart failure patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research45(1), 67-77.

Swinford, E., Galucia, N., & Morrow-Howell, N. (2020). Applying gerontological social work perspectives to the coronavirus pandemic.  Journal of Gerontological Social Work63(6-7), 513-523.

Yao, X., Zheng, Z., Yuan, Q., Yin, H., & Zhang, W. Overview of the Health Management Projects for the Elderly Population: A Bibliometric Comparison between the United States and China. Available at SSRN 4099032.



Data Collection and Informed Consent

Nadia Castro

Niurka Acuna B.

Jennifer Escalona

Ana G. Mendez University: South Florida Campus.

SWGR 510: Research Design

Professor: Jesus A. Sanchez

April, 21th, 2023

Pines Nursing Home, located in North Miami, has been selected as the sample and reference for this qualitative research study based on the information provided. In consideration of the psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the sample was restricted to the senior population.

Data Collection Techniques: In qualitative research, numerous techniques are employed to collect data. Interviews, observations, focus groups, and document analysis are the most frequently employed techniques. Due to the sensitive nature of the study and the elderly population, a combination of two data acquisition methods will be used.

The first technique involves conducting interviews with the senior residents of the Pines Nursing Home. The interviews will be structured, but the inquiries will be open-ended so that participants can express their feelings and experiences regarding the pandemic. The second technique will be observations, conducted by observing the behavior, activities, and interactions of the nursing home’s geriatric residents (Khan & MacEachen, 2022). This method will allow the scientist to gain a deeper comprehension of the sentiments and encounters of citizens throughout the pandemic.

Significance of Appropriate Data Collection Methods in Social Research: Choosing the most suitable data collection method is essential to social research. The choice of method influences the precision and dependability of the research results (Zahle, 2018). For example, if an improper method is employed, the information gathered may be distorted or insufficient, resulting in incorrect interpretations.

In addition, successful methods for gathering information guarantee that the research is conducted ethically and that the rights of the respondents are protected. It is important to guarantee that the information gathered cannot be utilized for any other reason than the planned study endeavor (Zahle, 2018). Data security and confidentiality are also crucial factors in protecting respondents’ personal information.

Consent/Informed Consent Form:

Title: Informed Consent for Participation in the Study

You are invited to participate in a qualitative study that seeks to comprehend the psychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the geriatric population. The research will be conducted at the Pines Nursing Home in North Miami, and data will be gathered through interviews and observations. You have the right to resign from the study at any time, and participation is entirely voluntary.

Purpose: This research aims to comprehend your feelings and experiences regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. Your participation will allow the researcher to obtain insight into the effects of the pandemic on the elderly population.

Procedure: If you consent to participate in the study, the researcher will interview you and ask you open-ended questions about your experiences during the pandemic. The interview will last approximately thirty minutes and will be recorded by the researcher for data collection purposes. The researcher will also observe your behavior, activities, and interactions with other nursing home residents.

Potential risks and discomforts: There will be minimal risk associated with participation in this study.

Potential benefits: Your participation in this research will assist the researcher in gaining a more thorough comprehension of the pandemic’s effect on older people. Throughout subsequent pandemics, the research results may be utilized to create strategies and initiatives to tackle the psychosocial requirements of the aged.

Confidentiality: All data collected during the study will be kept confidential and stored securely.

Voluntary participation: Participation in this research is voluntary, and the respondents may withdraw from the research at any time without penalty or negative repercussions.

By signing below, I acknowledge that I have read and comprehended the data provided in this consent form. I have had the chance to ask questions and have received pleasing responses. I accord to take part in this research under the conditions explained above.

Participants Signature:



Zahle, J. (2018). Values and data collection in social research.  Philosophy of Science85(1), 144–163.

Khan, T. H., & MacEachen, E. (2022). An alternative method of interviewing: Critical reflections on videoconference interviews for qualitative data collection.  International Journal of Qualitative Methods, p. 21, 16094069221090063.





Presentado por: Niurka Acuna B.

Nadia Castro



Por qué investigar este tema?


Interrogantes de investigación.

Aspectos más relevantes de la investigación.

Beneficios para la población implicada.


Esta investigación tiene un carácter cualitativo y está basada en el impacto Psico-social de la Pandemia Covid-19 en el sector poblacional del Adulto Mayor.

Dentro del amplio spectrum de población se determinó a Pines Nursing Home, ubicado en el área de North Miami, como muestra y referente de la investigación.

1- El antes y el después de un momento histórico a nivel mundial, investigado en un area específica de cuidado del adulto mayor.

2- Impacto y repercusión social en el sector mas vulnerable al virus.

3- Educación y atención psicológica y a la problemática social en este sector poblacional.


El objetivo de esta investigación es mostrar la importancia de educar, ofrecer soporte y concientizar sobre la importancia y repercusión de lo psico-social en la población adulto mayor.

Mostrar como impactó el COVID-19 en la salud mental del adulto mayor y la influencia en la esfera social.

Las herramientas y técnicas a utilizar con este sector para mantener una salud mental estable.


Realmente se percataron las entidades implicadas sobre el impacto Psicológico que sufrirían las personas de la tercera edad?

Recibieron las indicaciones y la educación indicada ante esta crisis pandémica, las personas más vulnerables?

Cuáles fueron las consecuencias sociales a raíz del tiempo de aislamiento total?

Recibieron algún tipo de soporte emocional las personas en Pines Nursing Home?


-Elemento que nos llevó a escoger el tema.

El elemento que nos llevó a investigar este tema, esta basado en el trabajo que realizamos a diario en la instalación antes mencionada y se aprecia en antes y el después de la Pandemia en el comportamiento de los residents del lugar.

-¿En que medida nuestra investigación ofrecerá un nuevo conocimiento sobre un tema concreto ?

Nuestra investigación aportará: la importancia de educar y orientar correctamente a este sector poblacional. A su vez, mostrará técnicas y herramientas que se pueden utilizar para minimizer el impacto en una situación como la Pandemia.

-¿Por que se hace esta investigación ?

Esta investigación surge como un-Proyecto de Clase; pero se utilizará con el fin informative y educativo para futuros profesionales del area.

-¿Cuáles serán los aportes?

Los aportes tienen un carácter educativo e informativo en la materia. Además, ayudará a concientizar que los Adultos Mayores son un sector poblacional que puede y esta en derecho de recibir servicios en cuanto a Psico-Social respecta.

Beneficios del sector afectado







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