Philosophy Essay

23. 8.Describe the theory of knowledge called skepticism. Consider the skeptic’s charge that we can never be confident about the reliability of our normal sources of knowledge (perceptions, memory, introspection, and reasoning.) Describe why and how, for each of the 4 sources mentioned, the source is unreliable. Use examples to show your understanding.
If a source of knowledge is unreliable, it means these sources can trick us into believing falsehoods. Does it follow from the fact that we are sometimes mistaken when we rely on these sources that we are always mistaken? In other words, once we admit is possible that we are mistaken, does that mean that we need to admit that we might never be correct? What is a rational way to make decisions in a world in which there is much uncertainty?
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1-Essay Length tips–To answer these topics completely, it takes about 2 pages – 8-10 paragraphs. Use the topic questions and the scoring rubric to see if your draft responds fully to all parts of the question. A complete thoughtful answer is more important than word count.
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One of the fundamental principles of skepticism is that not all or none of humanity’s learned knowledge is reliable. Skeptics argue that because in the knowledge that some of the sophisticated methods of gathering data about the world don’t always deliver 100% accurate results, it is better to put aside belief and instead trust in the uncertain outcomes of rational thinking. Sextus Empiricus as well as Pyrrho are two of the examples of skeptics who have been around for a long time. Montaigne as well as Hume were among the notable philosophers of the contemporary period who believed in skepticism in some form or other. A more rational method of managing the lack of certainty is called fallibilism (Hannon 2019,). A philosophical skeptic is a person who believes it is impossible to possess all or any knowledge. A skeptic is skeptical of the possibility of knowledge, specifically justification, in a specific area. A global skeptic is one who is not convinced that any knowledge is feasible. It isn’t essential to deny the possibility of acquiring any knowledge. Local skeptics raise questions regarding the notion that knowledge can be restricted to a specific area of study (Mills 2018). Someone could be a localized skeptic in regards to scientific knowledge or moral knowledge. Cont…

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