DQ: Of the four ideologies of punishment discussed in Chapter 4 of the text, which do you believe has the most relevance in today’s criminal justice system? You must detail the characteristics of the ideology (definition) and provide research evidence, from primary studies, to support your answers. Research can be found in the Nancy Thompson Learning Commons (Kean Library).
Respond To These Five Post (Two Sentences Each) :1.) Shirley Dong :The four ideologies discussed in Chapter 4 are retribution, deterence, incapacitation and rehabiliation. In my opinion retibrution will be the most effective, followed by rehabiliation. Retribution is when an offender’s punishment matches the crime they had committed. As the Bible read “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”, this saying is extremely significant because the offender will be held responsible for what they have done to the victim. If the punishment is equal to the crime it would bring the family of the victim justice. For example the only appropriate punishment for a horrific serial killer like Ted Bundy was the death penalty. I feel like if retribution is emphasized it could also serve as a “Deterrence” because people from the outside would see that if they do something bad, their punishment will be the same exact thing they did to the other person. If they know that if they was to murder someone, they will be facing the death penalty themselves rather just life in prison, they will deifnitely think twice. I also mentioned that rehabiliation because that is also important. For someone who commit more minor crimes such as possessing CDS, recieving stolen property and or shoplfiting will obviosuly not be facing major discipline. But if they were to be facing more than just probation and they find themselves in jail, going through courses that could further their education of being able to learn a vocational trade could greatly benefit them upon their release. The main goals in the correction world is to keep a violent offender away from the rest of society and it is also to teach and better the inmate before they return back to the society. I am a believer that providing inamtes with knowlegde, skills and medical attention such as having them speak to a psychiatrist regularly is greatly beneficial for an inmate that will eventually be released.
2.) Johelsy Alvarez:Out of the four ideologies of punishment discussed, I believe incapacitation has the most relevance in today’s criminal justice system. Incapacitation is a punishment that deprives the offender of the liberty to commit a crime. There have been several methods of incapacitation throughout society; banishment used to be a popular one, with incarceration being the most popular one today. Incapacitation also looks at character characteristics and not at the characteristics of the offense (Clear, Reisig, & Cole, 2016).The United States has the highest number of incarcerated people in the entire world, and the country uses a crime-control model of corrections. It’s a common belief that if someone is locked away, then they will no longer be a danger to society; so the United States proceeds to look away as many offenders as it can. In the case of Ewing v. California, the Supreme Court supported the Three Strikes Law in California, which upheld the country’s belief that simply locking up offenders for a long period of time would lead to a decrease in crime, even though no research really supported this (Binder, 2017). In fact, the Three Strikes Law in California is a major reason for the state’s high prison population, and goes to show that the state in particular cares more about keeping career criminals locked up than it does about rehabilitation (Auerhahn, 2001).References:Auerhahn, K. (2001). Dangerousness and Incapacitation: A Predictive Evaluation of Sentencing Policy Reform in California. Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from www.ojp.gov.Binder, G. (2017). Penal Incapacitation: A Situationist Critique. University at Buffalo School of Law.Clear, T. R., Reisig, M. D., & Cole, G. F. (2016). American corrections. Cengage Learning.
3.) Natalia BillikOut of the four ideologies of punishment discussed in Chapter 4, I believe that the most relevant in today’s criminal justice system was retribution. Retribution is when an offender is sentenced because of the fact that they do deserve to be punished based on the crime committed. For example, no matter what law is broken, the offender in one way or another must be punished. The severity does range based on the crime committed, it can range from a fine all the way to prison time. The reason that retribution has the most relevance is because someone who commits murder will not only be fined, the punishment must match the crime. In the article it stated that retribution is almost like debt in the way that the offender is paying off to the victim or even society (Brubacher, 2018). When an offender is locked up for a crime they committed, I do believe that society and the family do feel a sense of peace and possibly even closure sometimes.Brubacher, M. R. (2018). Third-party support for retribution, rehabilitation, and giving an offender a clean slate. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 24(4), 503–517.
4.) Erlinda LopezThe four ideologies of punishments learned in Chapter 4 are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. In my opinion, retribution has the most relevance in today’s criminal justice system. Retribution means the punishment on a person who violated a criminal law. The severity of the sanction should fit the seriousness of the crime. Basically, the underlying philosophy “eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth”. The main reason for the punishment is so the offenders recalibrate the wrong they have done. With that comes the different types of punishments. More sever crimes means longer sentence and less sever crimes means shorter sentence. But serving your punishment may not always mean the offender will come out as a changed individual. So, was the long sentence long enough? Also, sometimes the system may not ALWAYS be fair. Meaning, the justice the system has provided may not always be fair to the victim’s family. It’s why it’s the most relevant punishment, it’s basically our system today.Carlsmith, K. M. (2006). The roles of retribution and utility in determining punishment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,42(4), 437–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2005.06.007.
5.) Alana BanksOut of the four I think the most effective is the deterrence. Deterrence is when the threat of being punished will keep people from committing crimes. By increasing the certainty that a person will be put away if he or she commits a crime they are more likely not to do it. They aren’t willing to risk their freedom to go to jail. Another way it can be defined is a person already serving time for something that they did but having the fear to go back to jail. While they’re incarcerated they have time to reflect on what they did & not want to do what they did again. I feel like deterrence should be followed by rehabilitation. I think this because rehabilitation offers mental heath, educational classes & substance abuse programs. This helps because these programs can help correct the offenders ways so they don’t go back to a life of crime again.
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