Read carefully Genesis 1-2 and Exodus 22-24 along with Enuma Elish and The Code of Hammurab(p)i
(assigned pages from A Reader of Ancient Near Eastern Texts).
“In your own opinion, how do the biblical texts interact with the ancient texts from Mesopotamia?
What similarities in thought and worldview do you see and in what ways are they clearly distinct from
each other? In what ways might you see the biblical accounts ‘critiquing’ their ancient Near Eastern
In your response, be sure to engage with both the creation accounts and the legal codes. Also, feel free
to use insights from Longman’s book, but make sure your post is written in your own words! Post will
be evaluated on the depth of insight and clarity of expression.
Insight of Biblical Texts and The Ancient Texts of Mesopotamia
Through a careful study of both the Biblical and the earlier eastern texts from Mesopotamia there is interactions between them in the sense that the first 11 chapters within the Bible are written in Mesopotamia. By studying in depth the texts of the past we gain a deeper understanding and a certain amount in understanding the Biblical texts. The gods, the spiritual as well as the loyalty, in which the people were under the obligation of being loyal to the kings and follow their orders (Lenzi 2022) They all show the impact of Hebrews and Greeks discovered within the Bible. Furthermore, both texts share many similarities in the way of thinking and worldview.
The first was the creation of the universe and man. This explains how the world as it was created and the particulars of this are described in the passage. There were also the laws of both texts, whose function was to control the populace and their conduct in general. If they were found refusing to obey the laws, there were consequences. In both texts the two texts, religion is acknowledged when the places of worship are constructed. But, there is numerous variations in the texts. For instance, in the old texts, Marduk created Earth in addition to Man as an amalgamation of bones and blood In the Biblical Texts, God created Earth and all things in it with his words of mouth and Man as his likeness.
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