How does self disclosure impact intimacy between friends?-How does having close friends a?ect happiness and life satisfaction?Sociology – considers how social structure and culture shape fr

sociology discussion question

This assignment should have a minimum of 400 words, but no more than 600 words. I’d like you to think of a question or topic of traditional interest to sociology. A way to identify one is to think of the different courses you have taken and how would the social psychological material presented this week help us to understand that issue more fully.
Requirements: 400-600 words
Affect vs. Emotion vs. MoodsAffect: subjective positive or negative evaluation of an object Ðincludes both direction or valence (positive/negative) and strength (intensity)oEmotion: short-lived affective response to an object. Include a positive/negative cognitive dimension but also a physiological accounting for how individuals feel. Tend to be situation specificoMoods: emotional states that are more general, enduring, and likely to be experienced across contexts
Emotions: What are they?Situational stimulusPhysiological changesExpressive gesturingLabel
Primary Emotions J. TurnerPrimary emotionsoSatisfaction-happinessoAversion-fearoAssertion-angeroDisappointment-sadness
Identities and EmotionsSelf-Consistency TheoriesoSelf-Discrepancy TheoryThree identity ÒstatesÓ: oActual Ðwho you currently areoIdeal Ðwho you would like to beoOught Ðwho you should beActual/ideal discrepancy -> depressionActual/ought discrepancy -> anxietyStatus and Emotion ÐKemper (1978)oEmotions result of whether our expectations for power and status are metWhen we donÕt get the status we expect, we experience negative emotion
Emotion, Culture, and Social StructureEmotion Rules: rules that dictate what people with our identities ought to feel in a given situation Ðhow deep, how long, how expressedoEmotional deviance: when we are unable to effectively manage our emotions and instead project an emotion that is inappropriate . Different emotion rules for different bodiesoGender Ðmen allowed to express anger; women sadnessoRace ÐÓAre Some Emotions Marked ÔWhites Only?Õ) (Wingfield 2010)How are the feeling rules in the workplace racialized?oClass –higher status allowed to express anger
Emotions, Culture, and Social StructureEmotion Work/Management: attempts to change the intensity or quality of feelings to bring them into line with the requirements of the occasionoSurface acting Ðchanges only the expression of emotionoDeep acting Ðtransforms our emotional stateEmotion Labor ÐÒeffort that an individual makes to bring about a feeling state in oneself in order to elicit a desired feeling state in anotherÓ within the context of paid employmentoMost often associated with service industry Ðdisproportionately women, people of color, and low status occupations
Studying Friendship in Psychology vs Sociology & What a Social Psych Perspective Adds(plus my research on gender, race, socioeconomic class, and friendship closeness!)SOC 147: Social PsychologyGuest Lecture by Emily Fox March 6, 2023
Why should we care about friendship???Physical and Mental Health??Education ??Careers and jobs??Values and Beliefs ??Self and Identity
Psychology – focuses on how individuals experience friendship and the results -How does self disclosure impact intimacy between friends?-How does having close friends a?ect happiness and life satisfaction?Sociology – considers how social structure and culture shape friendships and friendship experience, places the individual in the larger context of society -How does school segregation a?ect rates of cross-race friendship among children?-How do social networks shape labor market outcomes?Studying friendship in Psych vs Soc
What a Social Psych perspective adds to our understanding of friendshipSocial Psychology – allows us to consider both individual (micro) and societal (macro) level factors that impact relationships, and the interplay between the twoIndividual level: How does friendship closeness di?er for men and women? Structural level: How do gender ideologies, systematic racism, class inequalities, and other systems of inequality shape friendship patterns? How do systems of inequality shape friendship? How does this a?ect individualsʼ experience of friendship, creating disparities in closeness? research from the 70s-90s supports this narrative : robustly documented Gender Friendship Gap? -What do you think of this conclusion?Stereotypes about gender and friendship are they true?
How does the intersection of gender, ethnoracial identity, and socioeconomic class shape young adults friendship closeness???National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97)??questions about respondentʼs best friend in 2002, when respondents were 18-22 years old
How does the intersection of gender, ethnoracial identity, and socioeconomic class shape young adults friendship closeness???On a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 is not close at all and 10 is very close, how close do you feel towards (him/her)????Gender: men, women??Ethnoracial identity: Black, Latinx, white??Socioeconomic class: highest grade completed by respondentʼs residential guardian used as proxy

Predicted Closeness to Best Friend by Gender and Ethnoracial Identity
Predicted Closeness to Best Friend by Gender and Ethnoracial IdentityHigher SES ?? lower closeness for white Rs
Friendship experience is not only gendered, but also ethnoracialized and classed! -Psychological research on friendship cannot capture the ideological and structural constraints on friendship experience we are socialized to have certain ideas about gender, race, and class. These attitudes and beliefs influence:-what we consider acceptable? behavior in di?erent contexts and when performed by di?erent people (friendship frames? = scripts, roles, actors, audience)-what we expect out our relationships and friends (stereotypes, expectation states theory)-how much we value friendships, emotionality, community, interdependenceWhy do white young men report the least close friendships?
Could this be a relational cost of privilege??-Economically privileged white men may sacrifice closeness and connection in their relationships, particularly in their platonic relationships with other men, in order to maintain their status and the large networks of weak ties that help them get ahead. -On the other hand, women, minoritized ethnoracial groups, and lower-class white men may invest in these relationships because they regularly face hardships. Because they do not have access to institutional support and protection like high status white men do, they must seek care from friends and community. Why do white young men report the least close friendships?
Group interaction
What is a group?Attributes1)Membership Ðmust think of oneself as a member and be recognized by others as a member2)Interaction among members Ðcommunicate and influence each other3)Shared goals Ðinterdependent and shared attainment4)Normative structure Ðset of expectations for those who belong to the group.
What is a group?Reasons for belonging to a groupoCohesion ÐÒextent to which members of a group desire to remain in that group and resist leaving itÓTask cohesion Ðmembers remain together because they are oriented toward a particular taskSocial cohesion Ðmembers stay in the group because they like one another as persons and want to interact with each other
Competition and Cooperation in GroupsIndividual vs. group interestsoSocial dilemmasSituation in which a desirable choice for the individual results in undesirable consequences for the group
Trucking Game
Prisoners DilemmaNot ConfessConfessNot ConfessBOTH get 1 yearA is releasedB gets 15 yearsConfessA gets15 yearsB is releasedBOTHget 10 yearsPrisoner BPrisoner A
Classic scenarioChoice XChoiceYChoice X+10 Pete+10 Joe+15 Pete-15 JoeChoice Y-15 Pete+15 Joe-5 Pete-5 JoeJoePete
What fosters competition/cooperation in groups?Presence of others ÐSherif, AschoAuthority ÐMilgram, etc.Communication
What fosters competition/cooperation in groups?Presence of others ÐAschoAuthority ÐMilgram, etc.CommunicationPersonal valuesoCooperatorsoCompetitorsoIndividualists
What fosters competition/cooperation in groups?Presence of others ÐAschoAuthority ÐMilgram, etc.CommunicationPersonal valuesReward StructuresoCompetitive independence: one personÕs gain is anotherÕs lossoCooperative interdependence: one personÕs gain is anotherÕs gainoIndividualistic: outcomes of individuals are independent
What fosters competition/cooperation in groups?Presence of others ÐAschoAuthority ÐMilgram, etc.CommunicationPersonal ValuesReward StructuresReciprocityCohesionCulture? Plagiarism Free Papers

Are you looking for custom essay writing service or even dissertation writing services? Just request for our write my paper service, and we\’ll match you with the best essay writer in your subject! With an exceptional team of professional academic experts in a wide range of subjects, we can guarantee you an unrivaled quality of custom-written papers.

Why Hire writers to do your paper?

Quality- We are experienced and have access to ample research materials.

We write plagiarism Free Content

Confidential- We never share or sell your personal information to third parties.

Support-Chat with us today! We are always waiting to answer all your questions.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more