Explain why the historical perspective of restitution is important in understanding today’s models. Include at least 2 supporting facts
The historical perspective of restitution is vital in understanding today’s models. It supports the comparison of how restitution was in the past and now and enhances the understanding of the enforcement challenges. The historical perspective of restitution paints a vivid picture of how the concept of victim compensation has transformed and given rise to the current models. In ancient civilization, restitution was the best method of repaying victims, solving disputes, and mitigating violence, as enshrined in Mosaic Law and Roman law (“Financial assistance,” n.d). Accordingly, restitution assisted in reducing animosity through retributive justice. As time went by, the approach and intention changes. For example, in 600 A.D, offenders in England could pay both the victim and the king (“Financial assistance,” n.d). Such shifts demonstrate how restitution has evolved to be compensation to the state. In this case, most felonies currently have become acts against the authority, propagating punitive justice.
The historical perspective of restitution depicts the reforms that have occurred concerning restitution modification. In olden America, victim compensation benefited the offended directly and enhanced physical and psychological healing (“Financial assistance,” n.d). Subsequently, as from the 1930s, there have been attempts to reform restitution to how it was in the past. Nonetheless, the criminal justice department still regards an offense as a crime punishable under the criminal law, rather than considering how the convict will compensate the victim (“Financial assistance,” n.d). Thus, evaluating restitution’s history illustrates the enforcement challenges modifications. For example, the Crime Act demands full restitution, but it is hardly applicable (“Financial assistance,” n.d). In this respect, there are coordination problems, the law enforcement agencies are demotivated to facilitate appropriate victim compensation, and justice professionals barely believe in restitution. Appropriately, the restitution implementers view the process as a way of decongesting prisons and increasing funds availability since the monies remain with the state.
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