16. An increasingly important topic in business and investing is a company’s environmental, social and governance (ESG) score. An example of an ESG activity is zero net carbon emissions by using renewable energy – for instance, Apple (AAPL) has a target of being “carbon neutral” by 2030 by using renewable energy sources like wind and solar.

The general methodology of how an ESG score is calculated is given in the Thomson Reuters article below:


Using a similar methodology, the Dow Jones list of top ESG scores is shown in the list below: to an external site.

In what some call a “green rush”, many investment firms have created ESG funds to give investors the choice to invest in stocks with high ESG scores. But a concern is so-called “greenwashing”, where firms pretend to be more ESG than they truly are, because consumers are willing to pay more for products that they believe are “green”: to an external site.

But not everyone supports the concept of ESG investing, arguing that ESG is politics rather than good investing. For example, some states in the US, such as Florida and Texas and West Virginia, have banned ESG investing in their state pension funds: to an external site. to an external site.

A response in support of ESG is given below by the CEO of the BlackRock investment fund, the largest investment firm for ESG funds: to an external site.

A survey of university students at the University of Houston, focusing on companies in the energy sector, shows that concern about ESG varies among students – some students think that ESG is important, some not. to an external site.

The vast majority of UH students (96%) believe that climate change is happening, and a majority of respondents (57%) said that climate change is caused by both human and natural changes in the environment.
The survey also showed that ESG stewardship is a factor for some students when considering job offers in the energy industry (i.e., oil and gas sector).
Question: Do you think that companies have a responsibility to proactively pursue ESG goals, or should companies focus on making money for shareholders?

Instead of focusing solely on producing profits for shareholders, corporations I believe that they must be actively seeking ESG goals. This is because proactively tackling ESG issues will have advantages that extend beyond satisfying institutional shareholders and creating an impact on the news (Atkins 2020). A successful ESG program will allow access to significant sources of financing as well as strengthen brands of corporations and help to ensure sustainable growth that benefits both investors and businesses. Good ESG initiatives can increase the liquidity of stock. Huge amounts of money are being put into investments by both private or institutional investors, in companies who actively regulate their own operations and operate with a responsible and sustainable manner (Atkins 2020). The growth rate is double-digit and being achieved through the area of sustainable investment and social impact. Companies are evaluated and ranked in accordance with ESG standards relative to their peers in the industry by indexes developed through investment research as well as consulting firms such as Sustainanalytics as well as MSCI. The indexes’ funds for investment as well as ETFs (ETFs) are producing billions of dollars to invest in companies that are ethically governed by ESG guidelines; they are investors with a long-term view who could boost demand of your stock. Cont…

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