An Emergency Medical Service (EMS) is a service that offers transport to definitive care and provides out-of-hospital care to patients with ailments and injuries which the patients believe entail a medical emergency (Barnett et al., 2006). EMS is a complex system, with each component playing a key role in the coordination of emergency health care. Once the system is initiated by an occurrence that results in grave illness or injury, the attention of EMS is the urgent health care of the patients. The EMS professionals provide pre-hospital emergency care. They include the technicians, first responders, paramedics, and others who work under EMS’s umbrella name.
On the other hand, physical therapists are motion specialists who enhance the value of life through set exercise, practical care, and patient training. They detect and treat persons of all ages, from young ones to individuals at the end of life. The physical therapist scrutinizes every patient to formulate a treatment plan that will advance their capability to move, lessen or manage pain, prevent disability, and reinstate function (Nuciforo et al., 2014). They normally have a thoughtful impact on people’s lives and help them to attain fitness objectives, regain autonomous, and lead vigorous lives. They are also responsible for consulting patients to learn about their physical symptoms and condition. Not only do they provide stimulation or massage to promote healing, but they also teach patients to use therapeutic exercise techniques.
From the emergency technicians and paramedics working under EMS, a diploma or a certification is the starting point of education. Earning an associate or bachelor’s degree helps further one’s skills. The emergency technician credential program prepares the learners with the skills required to deliver emergency health care to patients on their way to a health facility (Barnett et al., 2006). Students are taught basic life measures to help patients in several emergency circumstances. Some of the skills paramedics learn include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and how to open a patient’s airline.
For one to exercise as a physical therapist in the United States, one must acquire a doctor of physical therapy degree. The DPT program takes three years. In addition, some learners will be required to complete certain prerequisites such as anatomy, physics, and biology. Resident DPT has online coursework with in-person clinical labs and only takes three years to complete. Flex DPT has online courses with in-person clinical labs and takes four years to complete.
EMS professionals provide urgent care for sick and hurt individuals at the scene, which maybe one’s home, accident site, or other locations while being moved to the health facility. They work in teams, with one of them being the emergency vehicle operator while the other operating as a medical provider. EMS professionals work round-the-clock and are more probable to do shift work that entails nighttime, holidays, and weekends schedules. They may also work in their built-up or rural settings and can also be positioned in the fire departments, ambulance services, and other rescue services (Brooks et al., 2016). EMS professionals may also operate in the wilderness, special operations, hazardous materials, special events, and industrial safety based on a system and its coverage location. They also work in collaboration with other health care professionals, such as physicians, nurses, and firefighters.
Physical therapists are professionals that are flexible regarding the place of work. A physical therapist can work in schools, nursing homes, the military, sports teams, sports teams, schools, patient’s homes, and outpatient physical therapy facilities. Also, they work in sports facilities and gyms. There are also outpatient physical therapy clinics within a health facility or other facility (Nuciforo et al., 2014). Those that visit patients in their homes are referred to as home health physical therapists. Those who work in the military find it rewarding as they help a veteran who serves the country. Those who work in the U.S military are referred to as physical medicine apprentices, physical therapy specialists, and physical therapy technicians in the Air Force, Army, and Navy, respectively. Those who work in sports teams are required to travel with the team as they play matches and provide care to injuries as they happen.
EMS providers do not operate under the physicians’ license, but they do function under the physician’s supervision. For instance, the paramedic supervisors offer basic and advanced emergency services care and evaluate patients on the scene during transportation. They are responsible for planning and implementing the clinical program and patient care to enhance consistently effective services (Brooks et al., 2016). The EMS supervisors are also in charge of training paramedics and emergency technicians and assessing their performance while setting expectations. They are also responsible for a specific agency, educational program, and entire EMS service.
In therapy, direct supervision implies that the physical counsellor is actually present on the workstation and instantly present for direction and supervision. Onsite supervision implies that the physical therapist is at he facility where the services are delivered (Pechak & Black, 2014). Direction and supervision are key concept in the delivery of quality services. For example, the supervisor may interpret referrals, conduct evaluations, formulate or revise the plan of care, and develop a modification of a care plan.
EMS professionals require state certification to operate, with some states requesting a certification exam. Additionally, one must complete a state-approved training course and NREMT exam that entails a cognitive test (Barnett et al., 2006). After one has completed the necessary training, the final step is meeting the state’s licensing examination demands. Once one gets the certification, it guarantees more job opportunities and a higher salary.
For a physical therapist, licensure is handled by individual state controlling boards and is needed to operate or work as an assistant in the country (Pechak & Black, 2014). Licensure is needed to practice as a physical therapist. In addition, one must pass the national exam, which is administered by the national board.
EMS professionals such as paramedics that wish to advance their careers may choose to enroll in a bachelor’s degree program. Some use the degree as a stepping stone to further their education by enrolling in physician assistant programs or medical schools. Others may opt to pursue master’s degrees that help them to seek leadership positions.
After graduation and in the early years of work, a physical therapist may decide to continue with education and opt to pursue a residency or fellowship package to improve their practice and knowledge (Nuciforo et al., 2014). A residency program provides an opportunity for one to advance preparation as a provider in a specific area of clinical practice. Attaining a master’s degree is another opportunity for those who want to continue studying, with the program exposing the professionals to many career options.
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