Describe the major properties of and the differences between innate and adaptive immunity. (20%) b. Distinguish between: (20%) i. active and passive immunity ii. natural and artificial immunity The two main types of immunity are innate and adaptive immunity.

The 2 primary kinds of immunity are innate and adaptive immunity.

Innate immunity is the physique’s pure, quick protection in opposition to pathogens and is made up of bodily, chemical, and organic limitations. One of these immunity is current at beginning and is the primary line of protection in opposition to an infection. Adaptive immunity, then again, is a secondary response that develops after publicity to a pathogen. It’s a extra particular type of immunity and includes the event of antibodies and reminiscence cells. Innate immunity is non-specific and gives a speedy response to pathogens. It’s composed of three primary parts: bodily limitations, chemical limitations, and organic limitations. Bodily limitations embrace the pores and skin, mucous membranes, and cilia, that are hair-like buildings that line the respiratory tract. Chemical limitations embrace enzymes, antimicrobial proteins, and different molecules that assist to destroy or neutralize pathogens. Organic limitations embrace macrophages, neutrophils, and pure killer cells that assist to establish and eradicate pathogens (Maggio et al., 2019).
Adaptive immunity is a extra particular type of immunity and includes the manufacturing of antibodies and reminiscence cells. One of these immunity is acquired over time and includes the popularity and destruction of particular antigens. Cont…

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