External link to What are the advantages and disadvantages of probability-based sampling designs compared with…

What are the advantages and disadvantages of probability-based sampling designs compared with…

What are the advantages and disadvantages of probability-based sampling designs compared with nonprobability-based designs? Could any of the nonprobability-based research projects described in this chapter have been conducted instead with a probabilitybased design? What difficulties might have been encountered in an attempt to use random selection? How would you discuss the degree of confidence you can place in the results obtained from research using a […]

External link to Search the journal literature for three studies concerning some social program or organizational…

Search the journal literature for three studies concerning some social program or organizational…

Search the journal literature for three studies concerning some social program or organizational policy after you review the procedures in Appendix A. Several possibilities are research on Head Start, the effects of welfare payments, boot camps for offenders, and standardized statewide testing in the public schools. Would you characterize the findings as largely consistent or inconsistent? How would you explain discrepant findings?

External link to Review our description of the research projects in the section “Social Research in Practice” in…

Review our description of the research projects in the section “Social Research in Practice” in…

Review our description of the research projects in the section “Social Research in Practice” in Chapter 1. Can you identify the stages of each project corresponding to the points on the research circle? Did each project include each of the four stages? Which theory (or theories) seems applicable to each of these projects? What were the units of analysis? Were the designs cross-sectional or longitudinal?

External link to What increases sampling error in probability-based sampling designs? Stratified rather than simple..

What increases sampling error in probability-based sampling designs? Stratified rather than simple..

What increases sampling error in probability-based sampling designs? Stratified rather than simple random sampling? Disproportionate (rather than proportionate) stratified random sampling? Stratified rather than cluster random sampling? Why do researchers select disproportionate (rather than proportionate) stratified samples? Why do they select cluster rather than simple random samples?

External link to The chapter began with a brief description of research on social media and Internet use. What would.

The chapter began with a brief description of research on social media and Internet use. What would.

The chapter began with a brief description of research on social media and Internet use. What would you do if you were interviewing college students who spent lots of time online and found that some were very isolated and depressed or even suicidal, apparently as a result of the isolation? Do you believe that social researchers have an obligation to take action in a situation […]

External link to All adult U.S. citizens are required to participate in the decennial census, but some do not. Some..

All adult U.S. citizens are required to participate in the decennial census, but some do not. Some..

All adult U.S. citizens are required to participate in the decennial census, but some do not. Some social scientists have argued for putting more resources into getting a large representative sample so that census takers can secure higher rates of response from hard-to-include groups. Do you think that the U.S. Census should shift to a probability-based sampling design? Why or why not?

External link to Sherman and Berk’s (1984) study of the police response to domestic violence tested a prediction…

Sherman and Berk’s (1984) study of the police response to domestic violence tested a prediction…

Sherman and Berk’s (1984) study of the police response to domestic violence tested a prediction derived from deterrence theory. Propose hypotheses about the response to domestic violence that are consistent with labeling theory. Which theory seems to you to provide the best framework for understanding domestic violence and how to respond to it?

External link to In-person interviews have for many years been the “gold standard” in survey research because the…

In-person interviews have for many years been the “gold standard” in survey research because the…

In-person interviews have for many years been the “gold standard” in survey research because the presence of an interviewer increases the response rate, allows better rapport with the interviewee, facilitates clarification of questions and instructions, and provides feedback about the interviewee’s situation. However, researchers who design in-person interviewing projects are now increasingly using technology to ensure consistent questioning of respondents and to provide greater privacy […]

External link to Group-administered surveys are easier to conduct than other types of surveys, but they always raise.

Group-administered surveys are easier to conduct than other types of surveys, but they always raise.

Group-administered surveys are easier to conduct than other types of surveys, but they always raise an ethical dilemma. If a teacher allows a social research survey to be distributed in class, or if an employer allows employees to complete a survey on company time, is the survey truly voluntary? Is it sufficient to read a statement to the group stating that their participation is entirely […]

External link to 1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization,…

1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization,…

1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization, describe a method of measurement that would be valid for a study of alcoholism (as you define it). 2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of phrasing each question at one level of measurement rather than another? Do you see any limitations on the types of questions for which levels of […]

External link to Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes (2000) sampled adults with random digit dialing to study violent.

Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes (2000) sampled adults with random digit dialing to study violent.

Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes (2000) sampled adults with random digit dialing to study violent victimization from a nationally representative sample of adults. What ethical dilemmas do you see in reporting victimizations that are identified in a survey? What about when the survey respondents are under the age of 18? What about children under the age of 12?

External link to State a problem for research—some feature of social life that interests you. If you have not already

State a problem for research—some feature of social life that interests you. If you have not already

State a problem for research—some feature of social life that interests you. If you have not already identified a problem for study, or if you need to evaluate whether your research problem is doable, a few suggestions should help to get the ball rolling and keep you on course a. Jot down several questions that have puzzled you about people and social relations, perhaps questions […]

External link to Develop a plan for evaluating the validity of a measure. Your instructor will give you a copy of a..

Develop a plan for evaluating the validity of a measure. Your instructor will give you a copy of a..

Develop a plan for evaluating the validity of a measure. Your instructor will give you a copy of a questionnaire actually used in a study. Pick out one question and define the concept that you believe it is intended to measure. Then develop a construct validation strategy involving other measures in the questionnaire that you think should be related to the question of interest—if it […]

External link to Shere Hite’s popular book Women and Love (1987) is a good example of the claims that are often made.

Shere Hite’s popular book Women and Love (1987) is a good example of the claims that are often made.

Shere Hite’s popular book Women and Love (1987) is a good example of the claims that are often made based on an availability sample. In this case, however, the sample didn’t necessarily appear to be an availability sample because it consisted of so many people. Hite distributed 100,000 questionnaires to church groups and many other organizations and received back 4.5%; 4,500 women took the time […]

External link to Now it’s time to try your hand at operationalization with survey-based measures. Formulate a few…

Now it’s time to try your hand at operationalization with survey-based measures. Formulate a few…

Now it’s time to try your hand at operationalization with survey-based measures. Formulate a few fixed-choice questions to measure variables pertaining to the concepts you researched for Exercise 1 under “Discussing Research.” Arrange to interview one or two other students with the questions you have developed. Ask one fixed-choice question at a time, record your interviewee’s answer, and then probe for additional comments and clarifications. […]

External link to Federal regulations require special safeguards for research on persons with impaired cognitive…

Federal regulations require special safeguards for research on persons with impaired cognitive…

Federal regulations require special safeguards for research on persons with impaired cognitive capacity. Special safeguards are also required for research on prisoners and on children. Do you think special safeguards are necessary? Why or why not? Do you think it is possible for individuals in any of these groups to give “voluntary consent” to research participation? What procedures might help make consent to research truly […]

External link to Response rates to phone surveys are declining, even as phone usage increases. Part of the problem is

Response rates to phone surveys are declining, even as phone usage increases. Part of the problem is

Response rates to phone surveys are declining, even as phone usage increases. Part of the problem is that lists of cell phone numbers are not available and wireless service providers do not allow outside access to their networks. Cell phone users may also have to pay for incoming calls. Do you think regulations should be passed to increase the ability of survey researchers to include […]

External link to Concern with how research results are used is one of the hallmarks of ethical researchers, but…

Concern with how research results are used is one of the hallmarks of ethical researchers, but…

Concern with how research results are used is one of the hallmarks of ethical researchers, but deciding what form that concern should take is often difficult. You learned in this chapter about the controversy that occurred after Sherman and Berk (1984) encouraged police departments to adopt a pro-arrest policy in domestic abuse cases based on findings from their Minneapolis study. Do you agree with the […]

External link to You’ve been assigned to write a paper on domestic violence and the law. To start, you can review…

You’ve been assigned to write a paper on domestic violence and the law. To start, you can review…

You’ve been assigned to write a paper on domestic violence and the law. To start, you can review relevant research on the American Bar Association’s website (www.americanbar.org/groups/domestic_violence/resources/statistics.html). What does the research summarized at this site suggest about the prevalence of domestic violence, its distribution about social groups, and its causes and effects? Write your answers in a one- to two-page report

External link to Go to the UK Data Service at http://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/variables. In the search box, enter

Go to the UK Data Service at http://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/variables. In the search box, enter

Go to the UK Data Service at http://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/variables. In the search box, enter topics of interest such as “health” or “homelessness.” Review five questions for two topic areas and critique them in terms of the principles for question writing that you have learned. Do you find any question features that might be attributed to the use of British English?

External link to The questions in Exhibit 4.7 are selected from a survey of homeless shelter staff (Schutt and…

The questions in Exhibit 4.7 are selected from a survey of homeless shelter staff (Schutt and…

The questions in Exhibit 4.7 are selected from a survey of homeless shelter staff (Schutt and Fennell 1992). First, identify the level of measurement for each question. Then rewrite each question so that it measures the same variable but at a different level. For example, you might change a question that measures age at the ratio level, in years, to one that measures age at […]

External link to How much pressure is too much pressure to participate in a probability-based sample survey? Is it OK

How much pressure is too much pressure to participate in a probability-based sample survey? Is it OK

How much pressure is too much pressure to participate in a probability-based sample survey? Is it OK for the U.S. government to mandate legally that all citizens participate in the decennial census? Should companies be able to require employees to participate in survey research about work-related issues? Should students be required to participate in surveys about teacher performance? Should parents be required to consent to […]

External link to 1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization,…

1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization,…

1. How would you define alcoholism? Write a brief definition. Based on this conceptualization, describe a method of measurement that would be valid for a study of alcoholism (as you define it). 2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of phrasing each question at one level of measurement rather than another? Do you see any limitations on the types of questions for which levels of […]

External link to In newspapers or magazines, find three examples of poor sampling, where someone’s conclusions—either

In newspapers or magazines, find three examples of poor sampling, where someone’s conclusions—either

In newspapers or magazines, find three examples of poor sampling, where someone’s conclusions—either in formal research or in everyday reasoning—are weakened by the selection of cases the author examined. How is the author’s sampling flawed, and how might that systematically distort the findings? Don’t just say, “The cases might not be typical”—try to guess, for instance, the direction of error. For example, did the person […]

External link to Researchers often try to figure out how people have changed over time by conducting a…

Researchers often try to figure out how people have changed over time by conducting a…

Researchers often try to figure out how people have changed over time by conducting a cross-sectional survey of people of different ages. The idea is that if people who are in their 60s tend to be happier than people who are in their 20s, it is because people tend to “become happier” as they age. But maybe people who are in their 60s now were […]

External link to List elements in a research plan for the project you envisioned for the “Doing Research” section in.

List elements in a research plan for the project you envisioned for the “Doing Research” section in.

List elements in a research plan for the project you envisioned for the “Doing Research” section in Chapter 2 that an IRB might consider to be relevant to the protection of human subjects. Rate each element from 1 to 5, where 1 indicates no more than a minor ethical issue and 5 indicates a major ethical problem that probably cannot be resolved.

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