Argumentative Essay Examples


Argumentative Essay: Is Buddhism better than Christianity?

Buddhism is one of the religious practices which mainly focus on the life and the teaching of Gautama Buddha. On the other hand, Christianity is also a spiritual practice that focuses on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ (King, 2016). Buddhism does not believe in a supreme creator such as God, unlike Christianity which is monotheistic and involves the belief that the Creator of the world is God or Jesus Christ the Son of God (Harding, 2018). From this viewpoint, the primary objective of this is to indicate whether Buddhism is better than Christianity doctrines. From my viewpoint, I will support that Buddhism is better than Christianity.

According to Buddhism, God is not the Creator of the Universe. However, Christianity indicates that God is the Creator of all creatures in the Universe (Harding, 2018). Buddhism supports activities associated with meditation, while Christians believe that prayer is essential in connecting with God. Mindfulness and meditation practices are highly valued in Buddhism (King, 2016). Buddha is the centre of attention in Buddhism, while Jesus Christ is the centre of attention in Christianity (Harding, 2018). Buddha was a human being while Jesus Christ was a divine and true son of God. It should also be noted that there are more Christians than Buddhists around the world (Mahadev et al., 2018). According to Christians, all people have sinned, while Buddhists believe that sin comes from desire.

In Buddhism, personal effort is to recognize as the main factor for success and good life. Buddhism believers also support the view that the end of life will come during reincarnation. The Buddhists have a different emphasis and believe that an individual has to work hard to achieve his salvation and liberation in the world (Harding, 2018). This is why many Buddhists are disciplined, and the majority of them have a stable mindset. Evidently, this is a clear indication that Buddhism is better than Christianity.

On the other hand, Christians believe that there is life after death, and people should gain salvation to enjoy life after death (Harding, 2018). Christianity indicates that grace from God is important in achieving a good life (King, 2016). Salvation and liberation come through accepting Jesus Christ as the saviour, according to Christianity (King, 2016). Christians also believe that they will gain eternal life in heaven.

Despite the many differences between Buddhism and Christianity. It should be noted that there are some similarities. For example, both Buddhism and Christianity are founded in spiritual power and are taught through the use of simple parables and proverbs (King, 2016). Additionally, both Jesus Christ and Buddha sought to reform the existing of religious practices into the spiritual way of worshipping. In both cases, the love of money is regarded as the primary source of evil.

Moreover, both Christianity and Buddhism are based on egalitarian principles, and they have some shared values (Harding, 2018). For example, they both hate issues associated with the killing of others, lying, stealing and sexual immorality. Both are religious practices that focus on the importance of ethical living, love for others, and showing compassion to other creatures (Mahadev et al., 2018). In both practices, people are encouraged to take various steps to improve their well-being. Both also encourage people to help the poor in society (King, 2016). They also support divine consciousness and spiritual perfection as the process of achieving peace. However, I believe that Buddhism is better than Christianity in various aspects, such as meditation and mindfulness.

In conclusion, it is evident that there are various differences and similarities between Buddhism and Christianity. For example, Buddhism does not view God as the Creator of the Universe, while Christianity believes that Jesus Christ and God is the Creator of all things in the Universe. In terms of similarities, both Buddhism and Christianity support spiritual perfection, helping the poor and showing love to others in society. Both practices also support egalitarian principles and are taught through the use of simple parables. They both support moral and ethical living in the world. However, I wholeheartedly believe that Buddhism is better than Christianity in most aspects.

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Argumentative Essay: Social Media and the Internet: Cyber Bullying

 Cyber Bullying has more detrimental effects than traditional bullying 

Bullying has metamorphosed over time and now includes bullying that is done over the internet. In the last few decades, the internet has evolved into a global village where knowledge is no longer the only primary motivator for accessing the internet. The internet has arguably been one of the greatest sources of knowledge and advancement for many, not only in the academic aspect but also in terms of socialization. The advent of e-mail messaging, instant messaging, chat rooms, social media websites and social blogging has been the key driver of global socialization through the web. However it hasn’t been an all rosy affair with the internet; internet globalization has also given rise to a new form of bullying known as cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is a special and unique form of bullying since it affects its victims emotionally and psychologically as opposed to the traditional bullying that has a greater physical bearing.


Cyber bullying comes in as many forms as there are internet interactions and it is not possible to give it an explicit definition. Social scientists have all the same described cyber bullying as an act, legal or illegal, that utilizes information and communication technologies to perpetuate intended, hostile and repeated behavior by either an individual or group that is meant to harm others.

Effects of Cyber Bullying compared to traditional forms of bullying

Both Cyber bullying and traditional forms of bullying have detrimental effects on their victims. However the effects of cyber bullying are more detrimental than those of tradition bullying because of various factors that are in play.

First and foremost, cyber bullying has no physical or time boundaries and will typically follow the victim wherever they are online as opposed to traditional bullying which in most cases is usually concentrated in a single setting such as school, work place or home. The Omni-presence nature of cyber bullying makes it quite a load on the victim psychologically. In the present age most interactions, whether business or social are done online and for the person who is being bullied by an online bully it is quite a depressing session while online. A victim of traditional bullying methods would be free once they leave the particular physical setting (News Medical).

Secondly children are beginning to use the internet at a very young age at home before proceeding to school, the den of traditional bullying. According to research by Bell Canada the age at which children are beginning to use the internet is getting “younger and younger.” A number of children interviewed during the research indicated that they spend a minimum of three hours online a day and this is more than the time they spend watching television. In as much as an early adoption of information technology among children is beneficial because of the use of interactive learning sites, it may become detrimental when they access social sites such as chat rooms, get exposed to adult material, or engage in bullying other children. Children who get bullied at a younger age have more to deal with psychologically than those who are not. This is because the mind of a child is still being formed at this stage and exposing it to an environment of bullying will require a lot of counseling to undo this (Mishna, Saini & Solomon).

Lastly, cyber bullying is largely an anonymous and covert act. Most bullies, whether cyber or traditional, are normally motivated by the fact that they will get away with their actions. To analyze this aspect and effectively conclude it is imperative to understand the ramifications of any form of bullying to not only the victim but also the bully. A traditional bully within a school or workplace setting is normally easier to nail because of the presence of witnesses and evidence left behind such as scars due to beatings. On the other hand a cyber-bully cannot get caught easily; they use nicknames and there is very little legislation to support their arrest and conviction. The fact that there is very little legislation on cyber bullying encourages the cyber bully to be even more vicious with their attacks (Kowalski, Limber & Agatston, 113). 


Cyber bullying, though free of physical harm to the victim, has more far reaching effects on the mental and psychological state of its victim as compared to traditional bullying. The fact that children are introduced to computers much earlier than schooling means bullying takes place at a much tender age with long term consequences. In addition the lack of proper legislation and means to track down cyber bullies only serves to encourage the bullies to be more vicious in their act.

Argumentative Essay: Does alcohol impact the bodies of women and men differently?

The use of alcohol is associated with several physical problems. For example, alcohol is linked to various health issues such as liver disease, diabetes, breast cancer, depression, as well as anxiety and stroke (Dawson & Grant, 1993). Taking small amounts of alcohol causes problems such as memory loss, blurred vision, restlessness and lowered inhibitions (Greenfield, 2002). Taking large amounts of alcohol can separate people from their intentions. People who take alcohol above 0.13% experience challenges of poor coordination and low judgment due to impaired vision (Lynch, Kable & Coles, 2017). From the above background, the primary objective of this paper is to indicate whether alcohol impacts the bodies of women and men differently. I will support the view that alcohol affects the bodies of women and men differently.

Alcoholism is one of the serious problems in various countries around the world. Its usage impacts almost all aspects of one’s life. People who use alcohol have reported multiple problems (Greenfield, 2002). This includes relationship problems, legal challenges, as well as financial destruction and a wide variety of physical issues (Lynch, Kable & Coles, 2017). The physical issues from alcoholism are dangerous. For example, alcohol causes lifestyle diseases such as mouth cancer and heart diseases. Alcohol abuse also causes ovarian cancer, anaemia and epilepsy (Greenfield, 2002). These diseases are dangerous and may lead to death if not controlled.

Alcohol abuse is also associated with injuries, accidents and increased risk of engaging in unprotected sexual activity. This increases the risks of sexually transmitted infections (Greenfield, 2002). Damaging relationships and arrests from irresponsible behaviours are also common after alcohol usage (Lynch, Kable & Coles, 2017). Surprisingly, severe dehydration, alcohol poisoning and blackouts are also among the primary physical effects of alcohol. Alcohol abuse results in the development of long term effects (Greenfield, 2002). For example, it causes an increased risk of dementia, throat cancer and digestion. People who abuse alcohol also have high chances of developing mental illness (Minnick, 2013). The habit of drinking consistently causes sufferings from malnutrition, low immune system and the only way one can avoid the physical effects of alcohol is to stop drinking.

Despite this, it should be noted that alcohol impacts the bodies of women and men differently. For example, when a man and a woman drink the same amount of alcohol, the woman’s blood-alcohol level will be higher than the man’s (Minnick, 2013). This is because women tend to be smaller than men and alcohol is held in the body in the body water and not in the body fat (Greenfield, 2002). Women have higher proportions of body fat than men, while men have higher body water than women. Thus, the alcohol in the body water in women is more concentrated (Minnick, 2013).

Additionally, if women drink a lot of alcohol, some percentage is broken down in the stomach walls before it reaches the bloodstream and this affects their blood flow in the body (Dawson & Grant, 1993). Alcohol consumption is also associated with breast cancer in women. According to recent studies by World Health Organization (WHO), more than 25% of alcohol-related deaths are due to cancer problem and breast cancer is common among women than men (Lynch, Kable & Coles, 2017). Alcohol also affects women during pregnancy and can cause harm to their baby. Biologically, women also have a low number of enzymes that break down alcohol in the liver.

In conclusion, the paper indicates that there are various physical effects of alcohol. This includes challenges such as falls, injuries and accidents. Alcohol also causes altered behaviour and diseases. People who abuse alcohol cannot avoid conflicts with others, and they may also experience long term cognitive challenges. The paper also indicates that alcohol affects men and women different. This is because women appear smaller in size and have more fats than body water that control alcohol concentration in the body.

Argumentative Essay: Impact Of China’s Planned Shift To A Fully Market Controlled Economy On International Business

The Chinese government has for long been accused of favoring local companies over foreign companies something foreign investors view as inhibiting competition and growth. As a report by the “Joint Economic Committee” of the U.S. Congress states, the most peculiar aspect of the Chinese economy is the continuing involvement of government at all levels in decisions that would be made by private individuals in most market economies. Governments from the village to the national level own and operate factories and the government interferes with bank credit decisions to ensure support for favored firms and projects (Joint Economic Committee). However, the current administration led by President Xi Jinping appears intent on expanding the role of a free market in the country’s economy. In finance, for instance, banks, as Burkitt (2013) reports, can now price loans based on market control rather than against a benchmark set by the government. Additionally, some sectors initially reserved for state owned corporations, such as railways, will be opened up for private investors. These efforts are a move in the right direction but most economists argue that more can still be done by the government. For instance, bank deposit rates can be liberalized, energy prices left to market controls, and private investments allowed in sectors such as telecommunication and banking (as cited in Burkitt, 2013).

In, perhaps, the most significant economic development in China, the Chinese government recently promised to overhaul its economic policy and open its doors to private competition in a shift to a market-oriented economy in a bid to revive a slowing economy. This desire to shift from a largely state controlled economy to a fully market-oriented one was communicated following four days of conference meeting by Communist leaders in early November. The Chinese Communist Party leaders, as reported by “New York Time’s” Chris Buckley, on November 12th, emerged from a four-day conference with vows to see through proposed changes that would give market competition a “decisive role” in the country’s economy. This follows years of persistent pressure from international governments and Chambers of Commerce for China to free up its market and encourage competition. This pressure had grown in the period preceding the declaration by the Communist leaders with the European Union, the American Chambers of Commerce in China, and the U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew calling for an overhaul of the Chinese market.

The American Chambers of Commerce in China with the support of the European Union had urged the Chinese government to ease market control and develop a freer market amid declining growth and an environment in which non-state businesses are facing increasing pressure (Burkitt, 2013). Davide Cucino, the president of the European Chamber in China, had accused the Chinese government of being bureaucratic and inefficient, which inhibits the potential of foreign companies to operate in the Chinese market efficiently and effectively.

How does China’s decision to open its door to private competition impact on international business? Liberalization of the Chinese economy into a market controlled one will not only impact on China alone but will have a global impact. The United States in particular is very keen to have China overhaul its market. This, as Talley (2013) argues, is due to the desire by the United States to end a trade deficit worth approximately $300 billion per year by tapping into the consumer base of more than 1.3 billion people in China. Jacob Lew, the U.S. Treasury Secretary in an interview with NHK, a Japanese broadcaster, stated that the desire of the United States is to “move away from a pattern of global growth that is built on the U.S. being the world’s importer” (as cited in Talley, 2013). Lew added that the desire of the United States government is for China to enact reforms that build consumer demand in the country and shift the emphasis from state-owned firms to a more market oriented economy (as cited in Talley, 2013).

The current restricted nature of the Chinese market leads to a lot of lost business opportunities, particularly in the form of foreign investments in the country. For instance, the American Chamber of Commerce in September reported that some member companies of the organization claimed that irregular governing in China had inhibited market expansion by creating market barriers, especially in the service sector. According to the report, the Service sector had accounted for 46 percent of China’s economy in 2012 compared with 70 percent to 80 percent of the economy of the United States or those of other developed nations (As cited in Burkitt, 2013).    

Not everyone, however, believes that the current state-controlled market in China is detrimental to economic growth. Marinov & Marinova (2012) argue that state ownership and control of public and privately owned firms have created an environment in which firms use resources provided by the local institutional environment to overcome their firm-specific disadvantages, which would hamper them from successfully competing in the international marketplace. The system, they add, has also enabled the Chinese government to exercise its control over internationalizing firms by compensating for the lack of natural resources essential to economic growth, as shown by Chinese firms internationalizing to seek natural resources. This success of this Chinese model to now has, however, been an exception because, as Marinov & Marinova argue, it contradicts the prudence of the widely accepted democratic free market system. Furthermore, following is rapid economic rise, China’s economy is now slowing down and a state-controlled market can no longer work. China, therefore, needs to open the doors to its market for private and international investors. However, shifting to a fully market-oriented economy might prove to be more advantageous to China’s trade partners and foreign private investors than China itself.

For instance, shifting to a fully market-oriented economy will enable foreign economies, such as the United States, and global companies to not only tap the large Chinese consumer pool but also enjoy the use of the low-cost highly trained Chinese workforce to improve profits, which will impact positively on the international firm’s profits back home. For instance, Motorola, a U.S.-based electronics firm, has set up two large manufacturing plants in China to tap into the low-cost but highly trained workforce. It employs over 9,000 Chinese workers and has committed itself to improving China’s technological base (Neelankavil & Rai, 2009).

In a fully market-oriented economy, competition between suppliers leads to reduced costs and improved technology in a bid to outdo competitors. In China’s current system, however, the economy is not fully market-oriented. The Chinese government interferes in the market to safeguard local firms in certain sectors, such as banking. China’s economy is, therefore, a mixed system – partly state-controlled and partly market-oriented. In this system, competition is restricted largely on the demand side and not the supply side and this inhibits competition due to inhibition of the entry of international firms to increase competition. This system also affects other international economies, particularly those of China’s largest bilateral traders, such as the United States. This is because such international traders are left with huge trade deficits because China exports more to the countries but restricts imports and investments from those countries. The recent announcement by China’s Communist leaders that the country is willing to shift to a fully market-oriented economy will, therefore, have a big impact on international business.   

Argumentative Essay: Is it true that what makes a Good Teacher is their Dedication and Passion to Teach?

The question of what makes a good teacher has puzzled many scholars and educators at different levels of education. Although many scholars have argued that cognitive and affective aspects of teaching define a good teacher, there is no clear definition of these aspects (Mageehon, 2016). Past studies by Jenkins (2016) failed to clarify some of the qualities that define a good teacher. Based on the above background, the primary objective and aim of this essay is to support the view that what makes a good teacher is their dedication and passion for teaching students. I will explain the quality of a good teacher using an example of my favourite teacher, Mr.Jones, who was dedicated to teach us without complaints.

Many research-based studies and reports on different education models have revealed that cognitive and affective aspects define a good teacher (Grayling, 2015). The affective aspects of a good teacher include the teacher’s emotional intelligence, values, teaching competence and personality traits. According to Jenkins (2016), a good teacher has the ability to stimulate a positive emotional response in the teaching and learning process. The teacher also depicts the ability to impart positive educational ideals among students. Specifically, a good teacher has high teaching competence and relates well with his/her students. The teacher act as a role model to students and students can learn from their social interaction with the teacher. My favourite teacher Mr Jones had a caring and loving attitude. All the students in our class liked him and the majority of students wanted to be teachers in the future since they were inspired by his love for students.

The cognitive aspects of a teacher include the teacher’s ability to arouse student’s interest, ability to communicate ideas in a clear and organized manner as well as the ability to impress and motivate the students (Jenkins, 2016). Additionally, a good teacher has the ability to help students develop critical thinking skills, reasoning skills, and problem-solving skills. These are some of the practical skills that students can apply in real-life situations. I can attest that Mr Jones, my favourite teacher, had these skills. He could communicate mathematics information in a simple and clear manner. He would listen to all students’ viewpoints without discrimination.

Moreover, it should be noted that teacher’s teaching ability, research skills, and interpersonal communication skills also matter in defining a good teacher. A good teacher has the ability to teach students different skills using different approaches (Grayling, 2015). The teacher researches his area of specialization and communicates his newfound ideas in a clear and straightforward manner to the students. Grayling (2015) noted that the teacher interacts freely with the students and gives them the opportunity to share their viewpoints and opinions. The teacher also considers that students have different abilities and teach them based on their intelligence levels. This was clearly evident in Mr Jones personality and teaching style. He flexibly taught us mathematics, and he was a caring teacher. 

In conclusion, it is evident from this essay that several factors define a good teacher. For example, cognitive and affective aspects of teaching make a good teacher. A good teacher is dedicated to teaching, has strong emotional intelligence skills, depict high teaching competence and stable personality. All teachers with the ability to impart positive values in their students have high demand in society. Notably, a good teacher has the ability to communicate ideas to students in an organized manner and also flexibly teach them. This motivates and inspires the students. My favourite teacher Mr Jones had these qualities, and he was able to impart practical skills in our life. I learned how to solve social problems, good social values and ability to think critically from him. Although Mr. Jones taught me ten years ago, I am still able to apply some of the practical skills he taught me today.

Argumentative Essay: Is a Person Using Credit Card Better Off than a Person Refraining from Any Loans?

According to Konczal (2018), credit card refers to a card that allows the cardholder to borrow funds and pay goods and services provided he or she will pay back the original amount plus the interest. The credit cardholder also gets the opportunity to borrow money based on his or her credit rating. A credit card provides a convenient payment method and improves customer loyalty programs in terms of insurance protection, point rewards and other benefit packages rewarded to cardholders. Currently, many service providers and stores support the use of credit cards for consumers to take loans and make payments later. However, Christensen (2017) noted that credit cards are associated with higher interest rates than other forms of loans. Based on this premise, the primary objective of this paper is to critically evaluate and support the view that a person refraining from any loans is better off than a person using credit cards. 

Maxted (2011) expounds that a credit card allows cardholders to pay for purchases in the form of debts. The cardholders are allowed to purchase items on credit, and payments are made later. This is a form of borrowing, and it attracts high interest that must be paid later by the cardholder. Notably, a recent study by Gorbachev and Luengo-Prado (2016) indicated that numerous Banks in the United States of America earned significant profits in their credit card portfolios with over 1.8% of the profits coming from the credit card interest payments and other credit card-related fee. Despite high-interest rates imposed on the cardholders, they are also expected to pay additional credit card fees. For example, Maxted (2011) noted that the United States of America credit card suppliers collected more than $30.3 billion in penalty charges in late 2010 alone. This is a clear indication that credit cardholders incur several expenses due to higher interest rates and increased debts and a person refraining from any loans is better off than them in the long run.

Christensen (2017) explicates that paying by credit cards encourage people to spend money that they do not have at hand. This is because the majority of credit cards do not require cardholders to pay off their balance each month, and one will not hesitate to buy while having a credit card. Credit cardholders also tend to make purchasing decisions faster than non-card holders, especially when purchasing slightly expensive items. This results in overspending and short-term consumption habits, rather long-term consumption planning. This means that refraining from personal loans is better than having a credit card.

Despite this, it should be noted that the use of credit cards is also associated with some benefits. For example, it is easier to buy things without carrying large amounts of cash (convenience), offers protection of purchases from damages or accidents and also helps one to build a good credit history (Gorbachev & Luengo-Prado, 2016). The credit card providers also engage their credit card users in customer loyalty and reward programs. Additionally, the use of credit cards is beneficial in cases of emergencies and can save one from unexpected problems that require immediate purchase (Maxted, 2011).

In conclusion, it is evident that credit card is associated with several disadvantages and some few advantages. Credit cardholders pay higher interest rates, experience increased debts and engage in overspending habits. From this argument, I believe that a person refraining from any loans is better off than a person taking credit cards for payments. This is because a person refraining from any loans will avoid any debts, overspending habits and will try to adopt long-term planning in his or her spending activities. 

Argumentative Essay: Is Racism a Global Problem?

According to Yellin (2013), racism refers to a belief in the superiority of one race over another and mostly leads to other social problems such as discrimination and prejudice. In support of the above findings, Joseph et al. (2016) noted that human beings have different social behaviours and values, and these behaviours can be ranked as either inferior or superior. From a historical lens, racism can be traced back to past slavery and segregation policies in the United States of America. Some argue that the apartheid regime in South Africa was an excellent example of racism. Based on the above background, the primary objective and aim of this essay is to argue whether racism is a global problem. I will support the view that there are various causes of racism, and it is a worldwide problem. 

From their recent ethnicity and education studies, Forrest, Lean and Dunn (2016) noted that difference in cultures and ethnicity are the leading cause of racism in the society. They noted that people learn from their cultures and failure to recognize and appreciate other cultural values and beliefs is the leading cause of racism. Some people believe that their culture is superior to others and tend to discriminate others, leading to racism (Yellin, 2013). Thus, it can be argued that ethnicity and cultural biases is the leading cause of racism, and since all regions have different cultures, then racism is a global problem.

Accordingly, there are also social and political causes of racism. A good example is multicultural settings in the USA where political leaders depict white people to be superior to black people in society (Forrest, Lean & Dunn, 2016). This had led to social discrimination against blacks in society. There are also social causes of racism, especially in TV shows and movies where black people or non-whites are given subordinates roles to depict white superiority over blacks. Almost all regions have political differences, and this is a clear indication that racism is a global challenge.

It is also worth noting that government officials sponsor some racism problems. Some of the examples of state-sponsored racism causes include the Nazi German racism problem. This was ethnocentric thinking which fueled high level of racism in the society (Yellin, 2013). In ethnocentric settings, people discriminate against others based on their skin colour. Notably, racism challenges have been associated with lower intelligence levels and lack of cultural sensitivity.

From a psychological point of view, racism is ingrained in the people DNA, and this has been witnessed in several multicultural school settings in society. People attitudes towards others are based on their biological settings according to recent studies by Joseph et al. (2016). To control racism, top leaders should adopt movements and policies that promote the egalitarian society. This includes the formation of civil rights movements and hates crimes laws that will reduce and control racist speeches among people in society (Forrest, Lean & Dunn, 2016).

From the above argument, it can be concluded that racism is a big social problem in the current global society. The main cause of racism is the belief that some cultures are superior to others in society. From that perspective, it can be argued that racism is mainly caused by ethnicity and cultural differences, and it is a global problem. To control racism, top leaders should embrace diversity and avoid ethnocentric mindset. Moreover, governments must adopt anti-racism policies and programs to reduce discrimination and prejudice that fuel racism in society. This will lead to high levels of cultural sensitivity and awareness among people towards the dangers associated with racism.

Argumentative Essay: Does the Drawbacks of the Social Media Outweigh the Positive Influences?

Social media plays a significant role in defining how people communicate and interact today. Various social networking sites such as Facebook, Google Plus, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and Snapchat have focused on enhancing diverse communication. While social media has played a positive role in connecting people, it has also led to various adverse impacts for users. The positive impacts of social media include enhancing communication and social connection and increasing political and civic participation, while the negative implications include cyberbullying and depression.

Social media sites allow society and individuals to connect with family and friends from different parts of the world. Social interactions are now possible despite the time and geographical constraints (Farhud, 2016). For instance, social media users in the United States can communicate with users from Europe or Africa easily within a short period. Secondly, social media has sparked political and civic participation aimed at exerting influence regarding politics and public policies. As such, they have been useful platforms for change and advocacies aimed towards promoting change and societal improvements.

Despite the positive effects, social media has promoted cyberbullying, which has not only affected individuals but also great companies and society at large. Cyberbullying involves activities meant to threaten, manipulate, or demean others. Such activities cost individuals and companies their reputation and could result in the development of health disorders (Farhud, 2016). Social media results in depression and low self-esteem, especially for the youth, because they feel the need to belong. The inability to live a life similar to what others portray on social sites results in the lack of self-confidence and the development of depressive symptoms.

While social media is a useful communication and interaction tool, it could still result in the communication of false information that could harm an individual. Similarly, while civic and political participation is beneficial in advocating for change through social media, it could result in negative influence by manipulative politicians and policymakers, resulting in advocacies for issues that only benefit those in power. Regarding cyberbullying, the bullies utilize the information obtained through communications with people on social media to manipulate or threaten others. Depression also emanates from these communications and interactions.

Even though social media has its drawbacks, its positive influences outweigh the negative, especially when it comes to communication and interactions. To this end, the impact of life online is generally positive since it helps in connecting individuals and societies together. Those who use social media are not only more connected but also have exposure and access to information. Therefore, life online influences societies and individuals positively.


Argumentative Essay Structure


Argumentative Essay: Negative Effects of Cell Phones

Smartphones were introduced in communication and computing industry since they were a kind of mobile phones that were capable of providing integrated services from mobile sectors, computing and communication. Adoption of smartphone has been extremely in the normal markets for consumers in the whole world. The purpose of this study is to find out how smartphones are impacting the society. It will specifically look at the transformation of smartphones to the social lives of people, the culture, technology as well as other aspects in this modern society. Smartphones have both negative and positive aspects in today’s society. The phones have specifically had an impact on education, human psychology, social life, health sectors and in business.

Generally, smartphones have impacted human life in almost all areas. This technology has changed individual behavior and the cultural norms. Smartphones enable people engage in activities that are considered to be dangerous by the society through creation of micro cultures but on the other side, they have enabled people to maintain their connection. To start, smartphones have created a different aspect on business. Through use of smartphones, mobile applications have led to increased development of companies and internet services. Also, smartphone vendors are definitely enjoying this because many people are in need of them hence more sales. Market for mobile applications like iPhone, android and blackberry is one of the business sectors brought by smartphones. Therefore, different markets for operating systems vendors own an application which enable users to download useful applications in need. Smartphones help in advertising businesses

On the other hand, smartphones have a negative impact to business. Since many people are now preferring smartphones for posting of status, posting photos, reading and replying messages as well as reading news feeds; the PC market has gone down. Therefore, the increased need and use for smartphones has lowered the PC market.

Since every human’s effort is to improve the quality of knowledge or education, its value and notion has been noble and unusual (Keshav, M. S. D., Mohite, V. R., Patil, M. S., & Pawar, A. A. ,2019). It is true that smartphones have enabled lovers of knowledge to fulfil their dreams and thrust. Students today use the internet to do researches and to get new knowledge. Most of the university students use their smartphones to browse hence benefiting in education. It is also beneficial as it does not favor the location of the users, therefore they can use them at their own time without distracting other activities of their lives like the family life. Smartphones help the connection between the teacher and the learner to be maintained especially for those who have online classes and also very important when a learner in sick leave or when absent due to other reasons.

In addition to that, smartphones gives a student an opportunity to check emails, connect on social networking sites, watch TV channels, play online games and also text hence distracting them, students near them and other times the whole class. It is possible for students to use smartphones in an examination room to cheat in exams through accessing information online. Also, smartphones encourage bullying in schools as they are equipped with video and camera technology which photograph and record bullying in schools and high learning institutions.

The other sector that smartphones have impact on is health. There are several applications in the mobile phones that help the users to get alternative treatment, manage and validate prescriptions and also get price comparisons (Kubackova, D. ,2015). There are applications that are available capable of tracking diets, blood pressure and exercises; and in near future there will be ones that will be enabling parents and doctors to monitor their children’s or patient’s glucose and blood levels in any time of the day. That does not mean that smartphones have no a negative impact to people. Some people take more time to their smartphones and forget getting in touch with their doctors at personal level. Also, early introduction of smartphones to kids have various negative impacts. They include; the children might get poor eye sight when exposed to smartphones excessively. Secondly, the device may disconnect the kid’s interaction with others as he or she spends most of the time on phone. Using a smartphone makes one to get different information at a time thus discouraging the kid to get one complete information thus harming the development of the brain.

Nevertheless, smartphones have also impacts on the psychological and social lives of human beings. First, smartphones are believed to be means of reducing stress to people’s busy life (Sunanjar, E. M., Mulawarman, M., & Purwanto, E. ,2019). In the busy schedule that everyone has, smartphones are there to help them to interact with family and friends hence promoting social life. Through the interaction, people stay updated with development in social circles and in politics and also with the latest news thus reducing stress. The problem with this is that people now have become so addictive to smartphones to an extent that some cannot work or sleep without it. Most of the people in the world have made smartphones their first priority hence reducing the quality of work production and social status with their friends and family. This is because people carry and use their smartphones everywhere they are regardless of what they are doing.

No matter how much smartphones have changed everyone’s lives for better, it has some point drawn people backwards. Its negative impacts have outdone the positive impacts as discussed above. Therefore, below are some of the argumentative points on the negative impacts of smartphones on today’s society. The first one is that smartphones have contributed to sleep issues. According to research, it is hard to sleep if one uses a smartphone before going to bed. This is because of the blue light emitted by the phone.

The other negative impact of smartphone is that they have facilitated in ruining romantic relationships. When someone you are engaged to spends most of their time looking at their phones sends a notification that they value these phones more than you. This makes people to find someone who will make them feel appreciated by valuing their company. Smartphones have also denied people who are dating online the opportunity to enjoy intimacy by feeling their warmth and emotional benefits that come from physically spending time with their lovers in real lives.

Thirdly, smartphones can destroy friendships and also they replace conflicts and communication in person. When some friends use their phones for long while with friends, others quit the friendship. Also, people communicate mostly on phones in that even in a conflict, they quarrel online. Smartphones have also influenced parenting negatively. Parents are not fully there for their children when they are on the phones in presence of their kids. Attention from parents makes children to feel loved. When it is not the case, children feel neglected emotionally.

In addition to that, increased use of smartphones may lead to depression. This is because people range their value according to the likes they get in social media status posts. People compare themselves with others hence lowering their esteem. They might feel inferior when they see their friends above them. Therefore, to benefit mental health it is advisable to put smartphones away and use them for the right purpose when in need.

Therefore, these negative effects of smartphones on today’s society can be reduced by various ways. The first one is guidance and education. People need to be educated in order to understand the impacts of phones thus able to use them smartly. The education is supposed to highlight the negative impacts clearly and emphasize on the positive impacts so that people may take advantage the technology. Vendors should take initiatives to fight the misuse of smartphones in universities and workplaces. These initiatives can be useful also in universities to minimize using social websites hence minimizing misusing usage of smartphones in cheating of tests and examinations and also cyber bullying. Mobile management devices can be used by administrators to control remotely the access of phones and checking their running services in a device thus ensuring proper use of smartphones.


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